The Kingdom of Benin, which started out as a small community and grew to be a vast empire, was particularly known for its expert farming practices, building skills, and artistic abilities. Within a few centuries, the Kingdom of Benin had grown into a dominant force in the region. Contact with Portugal led to economic and military cooperation and an even wealthier and more expansive empire. Eventually, however, it also helped facilitate the slave trade and planted the seeds of Benin's eventual destruction. Today's students are woefully unaware of the political, economic, and artistic glory that was Benin. That is corrected here and done so in lavish full-color, with abundant use of enthralling photographs, artifacts, maps, illustrations, and primary source materials. This text supports Common Core's mandate regarding analyzing the relationship between primary and secondary sources, citing evidence to support analysis of primary and secondary sources, and determining the central ideas or information of a primary or secondary source.